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Railroad Bill Could Include Restoring Rail Service Along the Coast

WASHINGTON, D.C.–Have you ever gotten on the Amtrak and gone to Chicago or New Orleans. Restoring a route that disappeared from the Mississippi coast after Hurricane Katrina could happen as part of a bill that is being worked on in the U.S. Senate. 

The bill is a bipartisan measure to increase passenger rail safety, reauthorize Amtrak services, and improve existing rail infrastructure and has been approved by the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee. The committee unanimously passed the proposal, said Sen. Roger Wicker.

“Investing in our nation’s rail system is important to economic growth,” said Wicker. “It connects businesses, moves goods, and transports Americans across the country. I am pleased that the committee has put forward a resounding vote in favor of our bill. This measure prioritizes safety, enhances rail infrastructure, encourages competition, and makes smart use of taxpayer dollars. Sen. Booker has played an instrumental role in achieving today’s result, and I thank him for his leadership.”

Wicker said he is working with New Jersey Sen. Cory Booker on the plan.

The “Railroad Reform, Enhancement, and Efficiency Act,” S. 1626, would authorize Amtrak for the next four years at an average $1.65 billion a year. Additionally, $570 million in total grant funding would be made available every year. These competitive grants would go toward programs related to capital assistance, service enhancement and restoration, efforts to alleviate rail congestion, and the Northeast Corridor.

Highlights of the legislation include:

Increasing Safety

  • Advances deployment of Positive Train Control technology by authorizing grants and prioritizing loan applications to support its implementation.
  • Requires speed limit action plans to address automatic train control modifications, crew communication, and other speed enforcement issues.
  • Requires grade crossing action plans to facilitate and improve state grade crossing safety efforts.
  • Encourages the use of confidential close call reporting system programs to identify hazards before they lead to accidents.
  • Addresses other important safety issues such as signal protection, signage, alerters, and track inspection. 

Leveraging Private Sector Investment and Facilitating Increased Competition

  • Generates opportunities for private-sector partnerships to develop rail stations.
  • Unlocks new revenue streams through right-of-way development.
  • Requires the Department of Transportation to solicit competitive proposals to achieve trip time savings on key corridors.
  • Requires the Department of Transportation to facilitate competition that could reduce state-supported and long-distance route costs by at least 10 percent.
  • Reforms the Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing program to create a faster, more flexible, and accessible application process, potentially accelerating major projects, such as building new Hudson River tunnels or replacing the Portal Bridge.

Cutting Red Tape to Make Taxpayer Dollars Go Further

  • Streamlines the permitting process for improvement to existing railroad track and related infrastructure.
  • Increases permitting review engagement among federal and state agencies.
  • Produces greater certainty by establishing deadlines for agency action and decisions.
  • Provides for the advance acquisition of property  to control costs and improve project delivery

Improving Existing Infrastructure and Services

  • Consolidates existing grant programs to focus resources on the most critical safety and infrastructure improvements.
  • Establishes a working group for the restoration of passenger rail service east of New Orleans and creates a competitive grant program for fiscally-sustainable routes, potentially including the restoration of service abandoned after Hurricane Katrina.
  • Authorizes a federal-state partnership to achieve a state-of-good-repair for infrastructure controlled by states or Amtrak, including on the Northeast Corridor.

Demanding Accountability, Transparency, and Efficiency

  • Provides state partners and Congress with greater transparency into Amtrak’s budgeting.
  • Reforms Amtrak by requiring the separation of business line accounts, facilitating greater re-investment in Amtrak infrastructure, including the Northeast Corridor.
  • Adds more robust taxpayer protections to large rail equipment purchases and capital projects funded by the federal government.
  • Requires Amtrak to develop methodologies for determining what routes and services it should provide.
  • Requires the development of operational efficiency solutions on issues such as through-ticketing and joint procurement.

Empowering States

  • Enhances mutual cooperation and planning on state-supported routes operated by Amtrak.
  • Ensures broad, national representation on the Amtrak Board of Directors.
  • Creates opportunities for states to compete for fiscally-sustainable service enhancements.
  • Gives states greater say in infrastructure planning and improvements on the Northeast Corridor.

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